Shoes with high heels, of course, has a huge impact on the feet. Wearing such shoes has a harmful effect on the feet, which in the future may result in permanent pain or even the need for surgical treatment. Over time, high-heeled shoes or shoes with a narrow or pointed toe can cause:
Heel increases pressure on the legs, while the weight is distributed unevenly. As a result of this uneven pressure distribution, the pressure at certain points of the foot causes pain. Usually 60% of body weight falls on the heels and 40% on the forefoot. But when wearing shoes with heels, the distribution of 6: 4 is broken, which as a result transfers the weight of the body to the front of the foot, causing pain.
Deformation of feet
Usually shoes with heels – with a narrow nose, so the legs are squeezed into a narrow triangle, while the fingers can run against each other. The result is a bunion of the big toe (“bone”), neuromas and deformities of the toes. Soft heel tissues can also be damaged by wearing shoes with heels.
Back and neck pain
If the balance of the body weight distribution on the heel and toe of the foot is broken 6: 4, and the entire weight of the body is transferred to the front of the foot, the ligaments of the foot and the calf muscles contract, and the muscles of the back and neck are overtaxed. The higher the heel and the more time in the shoes on the heels – the more tension and pain.
Shoes with heels are also a cause of pain in the knees. Wearing shoes with heels increases pressure on the knees when walking by 26%, which causes tension in the ligaments in the knees, and, accordingly, causes pain in the knees. At the same time, the stress in the knee tissues reduces the supply of tissues with important trace elements, which can cause knee patency, arthritis.
As a result of wearing shoes on heels, the Achilles tendon is shortened, which causes tendonitis of the tendon.
How to properly wear heels without harm to health
Minimize the damage to the health of the feet from the heels help exercises for the lower legs, fingers and feet.
1. Choose comfortable heels
Choose wide massive heels, on which it is easier to maintain balance. In the right shoes, the heel hits the ground, and then the weight is smoothly transferred to the foot pads.
2. Change shoes
Heels shorten and overtax calf muscles. And on the other hand, the muscles of the lower leg, on the contrary, stretch. The balance in the development of muscles is disturbed, and this increases the risk of injury.
Heels do not need to be worn every day. Like sneakers or ballet flats on a completely flat sole: the feet get used to one position. It is best to alternate the shoes so that the legs are not in the same position.
3. Do the exercises
It is useful to stand with your toes on the lower step of the ladder and lower your heels. So the muscles of the lower leg will stretch. In this position, hold for 10 seconds, then stand on your toes.
It is useful to walk on the heels, on the outer and inner sides of the foot.
When you relax sitting, roll a bottle of water or a massage ball.
Image credit: stokpic